• it's easy to spend an entire decade being busy and stressed, creating movement, but not moving forward.  It's very easy to get caught up in things that are urgent but unimportant.  Or office politics.  Or competition.
  • We have a fixed budget of cognitive output per day.  We can spend that on whatever.
  • It's easy to get heads-down and focused on something without really accomplishing anything.
  • We need to focus on stuff, but it's important to step back every once in a while and ask, "am I focusing on the right thing?"
  • You also don't want to give up prematurely on things that do matter, and that can work.
  • It's important to take time to explore a lot of things and try a lot of things.  Pursue a lot of things as cheaply and quickly as possible.  And then be very honest with yourself about what's working and what's not.  Gradually amputate the stuff that's not working until you're left with one or two things that are.
  • How do you figure out what to commit to and when?  Answering this questions requires that you ask yourself, "Is this working, or am I trying to convince myself that it's working?"
  • Three primary keys to productivity: sleep, exercise, nutrition.
  • Things in life are rarely as risky as they seem.  Most people are too risk-averse.  We're good about short-term catastrophic risk but we're bad about long-term, chronic risk.
  • As you get older, perspective-shifting gets harder.  But it's incredibly important.  You need to be able to look at things from new angles, constantly.
  • Surround yourself with people who will make you more ambitious, make you more inquisitive, and shift your perspective more.  It's hard to do; most people want everyone else to be average.
  • Reading biographies of people who have done amazing things can be very helpful.
  • Get the important shit done, don't waste time on stupid shit, and make lots of lists.
  • Not a big fan of the deferred life plan.  If you want to do something, do it.  People can sense authenticity; people can sense motivation; if you're doing something for the right reasons.
  • To succeed in anything, it's important for people to be rooting for you.  It's important for people to want you to win.  Your team, the press, whatever.
  • Doing anything worthwhile takes a long time and you'll take a lot of emotional abuse.